IVF is the most common type of assisted reproduction. With IVF, sperm and eggs are joined together outside of the body to form an embryo. The embryo is then placed into the mother's uterus. IVF is done for those who cannot have a pregnancy on their own.
IVF is done in phases to get the best results. These steps are:
- The woman takes hormones to help her eggs mature.
- A procedure is done to retrieve the eggs.
- The man's sperm is mixed with the eggs in a lab dish to form an embryo.
- The embryos are placed into woman's uterus.
- Embryos implant in the uterus, resulting in a pregnancy.
IVF is used to treat many causes of infertility in either men or women such as:
- Structural problems with the reproductive organs
- Problems with ovulation
- Health conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, pelvic inflammatory disease, or endometriosis
- Low sperm count and quality
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Mary-Beth Seymour, RN
- Review Date: 03/2019 -
- Update Date: 03/08/2019 -